«Scientific Journal of the Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University». Vol. 37. 2016 – download pdf


ICHTHYOLOGY. ECOLOGY


L.М. Azmukhametova
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

S.А. Koshkin
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

SPACE-TIME PECULIARITIES OF SILICATES DISTRIBUTION IN THE PETER THE GREAT BAY WATERS

Abstract. Based on the analysis of all available information according to distribution of silicates in the waters of Peter the Great Buy for the period from 1925 to present spatio-temporal features of silicon allocation were evaluated. The characteristic of annual changes of nutrients into the water column of the Buy are alternate maximum and minimum values in all areas. Only in seaward (deep-sea zone) of Peter the Great Buy in a surface layer annual harmonу during seasonal changes of silicates is clearly expressed. Their maximum content is observed in autumn-winter period, and minimum – in summer.

Keywords: silicates, silicon, nutrients, Peter the Great Bay, Sea of Japan.


V.V. Bulygin
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

I.G. Rybnikova
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

SOME ESPECIALLY OF FEEDING OF PACIFIC FLYING SQUID IN PETER THE GREAT BAY (SEA OF JAPAN) IN THE SUMMER-AUTUMN PERIOD

Abstract. Pacific flying squid is a valuable commercial fishery object. Pacific squid food objects in the feeding period in Peter the Great Bay are considered in this paper.

Keywords: Pacific flying squid, intensity of feeding, average point of stomach filling, food objects.


V.N. Kazachenko
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

NEW INFORMATION ON THE PARASITIC COPEPOD (CRUSTACEA: COPEPODA) OF FISH NORTHWESTERN PACIFIC

Abstract. The study included 21 species of 17 genera of 7 families of fish northwestern Pacific; they have recorded 12 species of 11 genera 7 families of 2 suborders parasitic copepod fish. Five species of copepods (Sarcotaces komai, Acanthochondria macrocephala, Parapharodes semilunaris, Innaprokofevna orientcolae, Lepeophtheirus hexagrammi) are endemic to the Far East seas, 3 species (Haemobaphes diceraus, Nectobrachiaindivisa, Naobranchia occidentalis) – endemic to the North Pacific. In new areas account copepods: Innaprokofevna orientcolae (Japan), Pseudolepeophtheirus parvicruris and Nectobrachia indivisa (Bering Sea). The new hosts are to: Sarcotaces komai – Antimora microlepis; Lepeophtheirus hexagrammi –Oncorhynchus gorbuscha and Salvelinus leucomaenis; Lepeophtheirus parviventris – Boreogadus saida and Bothrocara molle; Pseudolepeophtheirus parvicruris – Pleurogrammus azonus; Clavella adunca – Pleurogrammus monopterygius; Naobranchia occidentalis – Bothrocara brunneum and Lycodes soldatovi. Percent of infected fish parasitic copepods is 31.0.

Keywords: parasitic copepods, hosts, infection of fish, north-western part of the Pacific Ocean.


INDUSTRIAL FISHERIES. ACOUSTICS


E.N. Baklanov
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

P.A. Starodubtcev
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Pacific Higher Naval Collage after S.O. Makarov

Russia, Vladivostok

E.P. Starodubtcev
Pacific Higher Naval Collage after S.O. Makarov
Russia, Vladivostok

V.V. Karasev
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia,Vladivostok

EFFECT PHASE VELOCITY ON THE PROCESS OF ATTENUATION AND DISPERSION OF LUMINAL SIGNALS ENERGY DURING THEIR PROPAGATION IN OCEAN WAVEGUIDE

Abstract. The impact of marine discontinuities of different nature on the effectiveness of ocean acoustic tomography is discussed. In particular, it analyzes the impact on the absorption of the acoustic signals of the phase velocity of propagation of a sound wave. Dependence of the phase velocity of propagation of sound on the presence of bubbles in an aqueous medium.

Keywords: luminal tomography, phase velocity, marine heterogeneity, sound pressure, acoustic signal.


P.A. Starodubtcev
Pacific Higher Naval Collage after S.O. Makarov
Russia, Vladivostok

M.V. Mironenko
Pacific Higher Naval Collage after S.O. Makarov
Russia, Vladivostok

E.N. Baklanov
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

S.V. Shostak
Far Eastern Federal University
Russia,Vladivostok

RADIOHYDROACOUSTIC SYSTEM FOR CONTROL HYDROPHYSICAL FIELDS AND TRANSFER DATA MEASURED IN THE MARINE ENVIRONMENT

Abstract. The article presents the results of theoretical and experimental studies for formation of luminal environment control systems and monitoring of spatial and temporal characteristics of the hydrophysical fields of extended sea areas. Regularities of nonlinear interaction of luminal and parametric conversion of acoustic waves with measurable information waves of different physical nature are shown. Grounded practical ways of measuring long-distance transmission of information waves and communication signals in sonar systems for monitoring and control of marine areas formed on the basis of non-linear luminal hydroacoustic technologies and means of maritime engineering.

Keywords: luminal nonlinear hydroacoustic, monitoring system, nonlinear interaction of the waves, spatial-temporal characteristics of the measured wave, parametric conversion waves of different physical nature, further parametric reception, transmission of information in the marine environment.


SHIP POWER PLANTS, EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS, SHIP NAVIGATION FACILITIES, SHIP ELECTRICAL FACILITIES


S.P. Boyko
The Admiral Nevelskoy Maritime State University
Russia, Vladivostok

METHODS AND RESULTS OF CALCULATION TONKOSTI DROPOUT NONWOVEN FILTER GRIDS SHIP CLEANERS SELF-RECOVERING FUEL AND OIL

Abstract. A simplified method of calculation of thickness and completeness of screening woven filter’s mesh plain weaves is presented. Made a comparison of the results of these indicators through the new complicated method. The analysis of effectiveness of various nets used in the self-recovering of fuel and oil filters is given.

Keywords: self-cleaning filter, regeneration of the filter, cleaning of fuel and oil, filter mesh.


L.K. Kapran
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

V.V. Manyisyn
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

Z.P. Starovoytova
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

OPTIMIZATION OF POWER AND FUEL CONSUMPTION MAIN DIESEL 5DKRN50 / 110-2 TANKERS «KALININGRADNEFT» WITH HYDRAULIC RELIEF PROPELLER

Abstract. The equations screw and fuel characteristics, the main power distribution ranges on diesel mode"transition" and "work in the fishery". Are the recommendations of the optimization of power and fuel consumption, the main engine operation for hydraulic lightweight rotor.

Keywords: main diesel engine, screw, fuel characteristics, specific fuel consumption.


V.V. Kiryuha
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

MONITORING AND MEASURING DEFORMATION AND STRAIN USE MAGNETOELASTIC CONVERTERS

Abstract. The article deals with the control of deformations occurring in structures experiencing significant force (building construction, hull elements). Control is done with the help of sensors using magneto and strain gauge transducers. Available sensor design, enabling a high accuracy to assess the impact of this phenomenon on the strength of structures. The evaluation of the effectiveness of the use of sensors in specific systems based on laboratory model studies.

Keywords: deformation, strength, impact sensor, gage, magnetoelastic transducer.


V.V. Kiryuha
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

Yu.M. Gorbenko
Far Eastern Federal University
Russia, Vladivostok

V.S. Yablokova
Far Eastern Federal University
Russia, Vladivostok

DIAGNOSIS OF TRANSFORMERS LOAD

Abstract. The article deals with questions of diagnostics of transformers under load in order to detect possible defects and failures. The main objectives of diagno-sticks transformer equipment are: detection of defects and damage; Functional assessment of serviceability of the equipment; the possibility of extending the definition of operation without repairs; development of recommendations on the definition of life. As diagnostic parameters proposed to use electron-magnityne parameters, ie, the parameters of the equivalent circuit. Objective – research, of the single-phase transformers with the position of the transformer diagnostic organization under stress in the presence of measurement error into account. 

Keywords: a power transformer, diagnostics, monitoring of electromagnetic parameters, the method of least squares.


V.A. Plotkina
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

P.A. Starodubtcev
Pacific Higher Naval Collage after S.O. Makarov
Russia, Vladivostok

RESISTANCE FORMS OF VESSELS WHEN DRIVING IN THE MARINE ENVIRONMENT

Abstract. The object of study is the hull of a marine vessel. This article discusses the factors affecting the nature of the flow near a ship. Reveals the relevance of the research processes in the field of boundary layer theory and provides an analytical method of optimization of the hull form. The result of this research reveals theways of solving the problem of resistance to forms of ships when moving in the marine environment. 

Keywords: boundary layer, a ship, the resistance of the liquid.


B.I. Rudnev
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

O.V. Povalikhina
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

MATHEMATICAL SIMULATION OF LOCAL RADIANT HEAT TRANSFER IN MARINE DIESEL ENGINE COMBUSTION CHAMBER

Abstract. Zonal model for calculation radiant heat transfer in marine diesel engine combustion chamber is considered. Integral equations of mathematical model radiant heat transfer are given. Estimation of effectual radiant heat flux is accomplished. 

Keywords: zonal model, mathematical model, marine diesel engine, combustion chamber, integral equations.


A.N. Sobolenko
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

TEMPERATURE AND PRESSURE CALCULATION AT THE BEGINNING OF THE COMPRESSION STROKE IN THE OPERATIONAL CYCLE USING SUPERCHARGING AIR CALLING BY MILLERS MODE

Abstract. The Millers mode of cooling supercharging air is characterized by of closing inlet valve before piston comes to bottom dead centre during inlet stroke. In this case the problem to determine pressure and temperature at the bottom dead centre piston position (the beginning of the compression stoke) is arised.
It is assumed to determine these parameters proceeding from air charge parameters before inlet valvesusing assumption that expansion process in cylinder is polytropic process by analogy with real compressionand expansion processes.
Formulas one found which make it possible to calculate polytropic exponent of expansion, pressure andtemperature at the end of expansion – at the beginning compression of stroke using Millers mode.
Results of calculation are given. More rational of advance angle limits of inlet valves closing are givenwhen compression ratio is varied from  =12,5 to  = 14,5. 

Keywords: cooling, supercharge air, Millers mode, pressure, temperature, polytropic exponent.


N.N. Tarashchan
The Admiral Nevelskoy Maritime State University
Russia, Vladivostok

P.P. Kicha
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

L.A. Semeniuk
The Admiral Nevelskoy Maritime State University
Russia, Vladivostok

EFFICIENCY IMPROVEMENT OF ENGINE OIL FINE PURIFICATION BY COMBINED FILTERING IN MARINE DIESEL ENGINES WITH HIGH-PRESSURE CHARGINGE

Abstract. This paper gives investigation results on efficiency improvement of engine oil fine purification in marine high-powered diesel engines by combined filtering. Standard dimensions and connection schemes of filters and filtering elements into engine lubricating system during combined oil purification are given. Benefit sand advantages of engine oil combined filtering as compared to the full-flow oil during its purification in marine diesel engines with high-pressure charging are shown. 

Keywords: combined filtering, diesel oil purification, filter, filtering elements, engine wear, resource saving oil usage, oil consumption. 


TECHNOLOGY AND QUALITY CONTROL OF FOOD PRODUCTS


V.D. Bogdanov
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

O.V. Sakharova
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

T.G. Sakharova
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

SAFETY STUDIES AND BIOLOGICAL VALUE OF DRY CONCENTRATE HOLOTHUROIDEA BIO-TESTING

Abstract. he presented research materials to determine the relative bioavailability of dry concentrate holothuroidea, allowing to fully reveal the influence of the new product on the living cell test culture Tetrahymena pyriformis.The dried concentrate holothuroidea the relative biological value is not inferior to casein, is safe for the test culture as a positive effect on growth performance, vital functions and development of living cells on the generation of ciliates.

Keywords: relative biological value, concentrate holothuroidea, Tetrahymena pyriformis, the dynamics of the growth of protozoa.


R.A. Borsch
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

M.V. Ogurchenok
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

O.А. Kholosha
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

EFFECTIVE METHODS OF INFLUENCE ON INDUSTRIAL RISKS ENTERPRISE FISH

Abstract. Justified the choice of effective techniques to influence fish production risks of the enterprise, taking into account the specific ad hoc situations that violate the established parameters of technological processes and disruption of the regulated limits of normative and technical documentation, resulting in products cannot match the requirements, guaranteeing its quality and safety. As a practical tool to influence risks highlighted: Standardization of products and services; Automation of production processes; metrological assurance of technological processes.

Keywords: operational risks, risk reduction, an acceptable level of risk, methods of exposure to risks, safety of products..


N.V. Dementeva
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

V.D. Bogdanov
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

A.S. Petrik
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

INFLUENCE OF METHOD OF SALTING OF CAVIAR OF PACIFIC HERRING ON THE SPEED OF THE BRINING AND RIPENING

Abstract. Studies show that the rate of salting, ripening and organoleptic characteristics of the salted roe of Pacific herring salting affects the way. It was established experimentally that for calves with high organoleptic rational are two ways salted eggs: tuzluchny way in exchangeable brines and tuzluchny way in saline density of 1118 kg/m3, with the addition of a smoke «Alder smoke» drug. The total duration of these processes salted roe is 20 minutes, the salt content in the calf ranges 4,6–4,8 %.

Keywords: caviar of herring Pacific, salting, ripening, organoleptic indicators.


TECHNOLOGICAL AND TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT OF FISHERIES


V.I. Pogonets
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

UPGRADE INSTALLATION TO INTENSIFY DRYING SQUID IN CAREFULLY-TWISTED THREADS

Abstract. A new design of the drying chamber and the gas distribution grates for intensification of drying shredded squid with an oscillating mode in balanced-twisted coolant flow. The features of the product anddrying shredded offered rational parameters of the process.

Keywords: study, process, drying, seafood, suspension are revealed.


Vol. 36. 2016   TOP Vol. 38. 2016
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