«Scientific Journal of the Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University». Vol. 30. 2013 – download pdf


ICHTHYOLOGY. ECOLOGY


E.N. Baulo
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

L.V. Kucherenko
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

I.M. Slabzhennikova
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

S.N. Muhina
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

THE OPPOTUNITIES OF APPLICATION OF THE LASER SPARK SPECTROSCOPYS METHOD IN THE ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING OF WATER BASINS IN THE MARINE FARMING

Abstract. The article is devoted to experimental investigations of elemental composition of sea water using laser spark spectroscopy. The aim of investigations is the choice of the optimum excitation laser plasma on the surface of the water. The detection limits of some chemical elements using these techniques. The ways of multipulsural laser plazma’s excitation, the excitation of laser impuls with nanosecond’s and femtosecond’s duration were observed. The limits of some chemical elements were determed by applicationof above methods..

Keywords: method of laser spark spectroscopy, water areas, marine farming, objects of aquaculture, limit of detection, laser, plasma, nanosekundnaâ, duration of femtosecond duration.


A.M. Gevorgyan
National University of Uzbekistan named after Mirzo Ulugbek
Uzbekistan,Tashkent

A.L. Dadomatov
National University of Uzbekistan named after Mirzo Ulugbek
Uzbekistan, Tashkent

ECOLOGICAL SAFETY RELATED TO TIN TOXICOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS AND ITS ANALYTICAL DETERMINATION

Abstract. We have developed express and selective stripping voltammetry methods for tin content determination in various canned food products and estimated metrological characteristics as well as performance parameters.

Keywords: stripping voltammetry, tin, carbon-paste sensors, three distilled water, differentiated determination, background electrolytes, range of the current, accumulation potential on electrode.


E.A. Zhadko
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

N.I. Steblevskaya
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Institute of Chemistry FEB RAS
Russia, Vladivostok

N.V. Polyakova
Institute of Chemistry FEB RAS
Russia, Vladivostok

S.V. Chusovitina
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

TRACE ELEMENT IN TISSUES OF SOME SPECIES OF AQUATIC ORGANISMS GULF OF PETER THE GREAT

Abstract. The maintenance of some trace elements in muscle, skin, gills, gonad and liver of a pollock and rudd, and also in tunic and cloak of an ascidian Styela clava of Peter the Great Bay (Sea of Japan) have been studied. The features of distribution and accumulation of trace elements in organs and tissues ofthese aquatic organisms have been determinated. At both species of fish rather high level of the contentof iron, copper and zincum in a liver and gonad is noted. Concentration of an arsenic in skin, liver, gonadand muscle tissues of a pollock as a whole is higher, than at the rudd. At an ascidian the level of accumulation of some trace elements in a tunic is higher, than in a cloak. The tunic contains twice morephosphorus, bromines are three times more gray also, is five times more larger than manganese. Concentration of an arsenic in a tunic in times more, and is twice more than lead, than in a cloak of ascidian.Toxiferous heavy metals chrome and cadmium in tissues of aquatic organisms are not found.

Keywords: trace elements, fishes, gills, skin, gonad, liver, ascidians, tunic, cloak.


V.N. Kazachenko
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

N.N. Kovaleva
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

Nguyen Vu Thanh
Vietnamese Academy of Science and Technology, Institute of Ecology and Biological Resources
Hanoi, Vietnam

Ha Duy Ngo
Vietnamese Academy of Science and Technology, Institute of Ecology and Biological Resources
Hanoi, Vietnam

NEW FINDING OF PARASITIC CUUSTACES OF FAMILY LERNANTHROPIDAE (CRUSTACEA: COPEPODA: SIPHONOSTOMATOIDA) IN VIETNAM

Abstract. Data on 11 species (Lernanthropus alatus, L. carangis, L. francai, L. opisthopteri, L. polynemi, L. chirocentrosus, Data on 11 species (Lernanthropus alatus, L. carangis, L. francai, L. opisthopteri, L. polynemi, L. chirocentrosus,L. villiersi, L. trifoliatus, L. lappaceus, Lernanthropinus gibbosus, L. sphyraenae) of 2 genera (Lernanthropus, Lernanthropinus) of family Lernanthropidae registered in sea waters of Vietnam, 7 species of fishes (Arius maculatus, Channa sp., Galeoides decadactylus, Gerres filamentosus, Ilishaelongata, Parastromateus niger, Upeneus sulfureus) had appeared new hosts for copepods. The validity of Lernanthropus trifoliatus and L. lappaceus has been regenerated.

Keywords: copepods, fish, Vietnam, Lernanthropidae.


G.M. Pushnikova
Sakhalin Research Institute of Fisheries and Oceanography
Russia, Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk

I.G. Rybnikova
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

DINAMICS INFECTIONS PACIFIC HERRING OF BAYS NORTH-EAST SAKHALIN IN SPAWNING PERIOD WITH LARVAE ANISAKIDAE

Abstract. Investigated the contamination of herring larvae of nematodes classified as a collective group Anisakis spp.l. Analyzed about 6 thousand copies herring from the bays of North-Eastern Sakhalin. The material was collected in a pre-spawning and spawning periods. The tendency of reduction of contamination of herring spawning to end spawn. Shows the difference of relative abundance of infected fish from abundance migrants.

Keywords: herring, nematode, anisakis, intensity of invasion, extensiveness of invasion.


E.V. Smirnova
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

INTERSTITIAL FAUNA OF THE SHALLOW COASTAL SANDBANKS NORTHWEST SEA OF JAPAN

Abstract. The paper presents results of a study of interstitial fauna of the shallow coastal zone of Primorye and the external factors impact. The materials for the work were the samples Meiobenthos selected on the sandy shallows of 11 bays Sea of Japan at the site of the Whale bay to the Vladimir bay. It was found that in the meiofauna of sandy soils shallow zone of the study area does not form specific seasonal complexes. Terms of occurrence of juvenile macrobenthos in sandy soils generally correspond to the termsof settling macrobenthic animals larvaes . The observed ratio of permanent and temporary components of meiofauna is characteristic of interstitial fauna. The greatest influence on the dynamics of the quantitative characteristics of meiofauna the study area has a water temperature.

Keywords: meiobenthos interstitial fauna, juvenile macrobenthos.


A.I. Fedorovа
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

S.D. Ugryumova
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE RESULTS OF A PILOT STUDY OF SEA WATER PETER THE GREAT BAY

Abstract. Selected samples of sea water at 16 points Peter the Great Bay (Ussuri Bay: b. Azure, b. Glass, b. Land, b. Novick, etc. Eastern Bosphorus, the south coast of. Popova; Amur Bay: b. Shallow, b. Sandy, b. Corner, Gulf Pos'eta: b. Trinity, b. Expeditions, b. Reid Pallada, Slavic Bay: b. northern, b. tabun, Nakhodka Bay: b. Wrangell, b. Nakhodka). The most effective methods for determining the solids and salinity in seawater. Experimental results of the samples of sea water Gulf of Peter the Great on the content of solids, calcium and magnesium, salinity, and temperature readings of sea water in the surface waters in the summer (June 1, 2013 to July 14, 2013). Used in a pilot study instruments are easy to use, compact, fastand accurate, waterproof and low power consumption.

Keywords: research, sea water, the Gulf of Peter the Great, analysis, experiment, mechanical impurities, calcium, magnesium, samples, salinity, temperature, and surface water.


INDUSTRIAL FISHERIES. ACOUSTICS


L.I. Brik
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

V.V. Barinov
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

JUSTIFICATION FISHERIES TECHNOLOGY PACIFIC SQUID PURSE-SEINE

Abstract. The paper proposed a technology fisheries pasific squid for purse-seine. Designed purse-seine, the justification of a commercial vessel and his retrofitting it to work with the purse-seine. Justified by the available catch one noticeable using the aggregate impact of light and acoustic fields to increase the concentration of squid fishing on the vessel in the area. To generate acoustic fields used pneumoacoustic system that simulates the presence of clusters anchovy being the object of the food of the pacific squid. Powered economic justification fishing technology.

Keywords: pacific squid, calculation tools fishing properties, means of intensifying fishing, economic efficiency of fishing technology.


L.A. Gabruk
Maritime State University named after adm. G.I. Nevelskoy
Russia, Vladivostok

V.I. Gabruk
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

RESEARCH OF IMMERSING OF OBJECTS LONGLINE SYSTEM

Abstract. Results of research of immersing of objects longline system in the based liquid, executed on the basis of the new mathematical models developed by authors and computer programs are resulted. Time of immersing of basic elements of a horizontal circle is certain: anchors, a rope and system «anchor-rope».

Keywords: rope, anchor, immersing, longline, systems with variable mass.


A.A. Maiss
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

ANALYSIS OF SUSTAINABLE TRAWL FISHERY FOR POLLOCK IN FAR EASTERN SEAS OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

Abstract. Trawl fishery, as the most ambitious in terms of the global catch of fishing method is a clear example of what threatens fisheries extensification of harvested stocks of marine biological resources and the sustainability of fisheries. As is known, the Pollock trawl fishery provides up to 60 % of the total output of aquatic biological resources of the Russian Federation. Main factors affecting the stability of the fishery and are qualitative and quantitative assessment of this effect.

Keywords: Pollock trawl fishery, sustainable fisheries, IUU fishing, Fishing Rules.


SHIP POWER PLANTS, EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS, SHIP NAVIGATION FACILITIES, SHIP ELECTRICAL FACILITIES


L.K. Kapran
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

V.V. Manyisyn
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

Z.P. Starovoytova
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

IMPROVING OPERATIONAL EFFICIENCY OF MAIN DIESEL ENGINE 5DKRN50/110-2 OF THE «OHANEFT» TANKER WITH REDUCTION OF NOMINAL DIAMETER 3,7 m TO 3,54 m

Abstract. Provides an overview of the type of tanker «Ohaneft» and its main power the installation (main engine, fixed pitch propeller with a nominal diameter D = 3.7 m and a step S = 2,94 m). Propeller with anominal diameter was «heavy» in the exploitation, so pruning is made cavities propeller to D = 3.54 m,S = 2,94 m. In order to determine the current power is used to operate the DG spiral ha tics diesel generated from the test benc. Statistical data, polygons main power distributions diesel equations screw and fuel characteristicson mode «transition» and «work in the fishery». Provides recommendations for optimizing power and fuel main engines in operation.

Keywords: main diesel engine, screw, fuel characteristics, specific fuel consumption.


Y.A. Korneychuk
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

TO THE QUESTION OF THE ENGINE ROOM SIMULATOR SELECTION

Abstract.  The paper mentions questions of requirements to engine room simulator hardware and the software. Norcontrol engine room simulator reliability estimations are presented. The new approach to anestimation of small volume selective supervision is applied in the article. The analysis of reliability factors specifies in necessity of the simulator main computer reservation. Konsberg Maritime software does not correspond to all requirements of modern fishing fleet.

Keywords: engine room simulator, reliability, hardware, software.


B.I. Rudnev
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

O.V. Povalikhina
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

FLOWFIELDS OF GASES IN DIESEL ENGINE COMBUSTION CHAMBER

Abstract.Flowfields of gases received by numerical method in diesel engine combustion chamber are given. The passivityes of their usage for calculation local convective heat fluxes are shown.

Keywords: diesel engine, combustion chamber, flowfields, gases, local convective heat flux.


A.N. Sobolenko
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

AN ACCIDENT WITH MAIN STEАM BOILERS ON FLOАTING FISH FACTORY «ARMAN»

Abstract.  The analyzes of the accident with main ship stem boilers on floating fish factory «Arman» was made. Cracks and deformations of water-heating pipes, slackening of their fastening were happened. This accident took place due to an abnormal operation by service personal. Violations of active regulatory documents for operation ship steam boilers by marine engineers – second engineer, third engineer, chief engineer, captain and head of mechanical ship services were displayed. It was determined that during operation of main ship stem boilers the such violations as nonobservance of period between boiler cleaning, nonobservance of boiler water regime, descent of water level in boiler, regular overloading of boiler were occurred. It was determined that the direct reason of cracks of water-heating pipes was descent of water level in boiler aggravated previous regular violence of the Rules of technical operation of ship steam boilers. 

Keywords: seam boilers, an accident, boiler cleaning, the descent of water level in boiler, boiler water regime, overloading of boiler.


TECHNOLOGY AND QUALITY CONTROL OF FOOD PRODUCTS


V.D. Bogdanov
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

F.B. Volotka
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

O.V. Kuznetsova
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

JUSTIFICATION OF RATIONAL HEAT TREATMENT OF FISH PRODUCTS MOLDING

Abstract. The results of the study of rational modes of heat treatment of molded products from the Far East rudd. The data show the influence of the method of heat treatment on the finished product, the content of salt-soluble proteins and sensory characteristics.

Keywords: Far rudd, Tribolodon brandtii, beef, burgers, heat treatment, organoleptic, brewer's grain, protein..


A.A. Kostenko
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

N.V. Nazarenko
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

I.N. Kim
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

OPTIMIZATION OF MANUFACTURING ANALOG SOFT CHEESE FROM THE MILK OF PINK SALMON

Abstract. In this article, you learned how to determine the optimum parameters. Analyzed the results, calculated the most suitable parameters for analog soft cheese with organoleptic characteristics closest to theoriginal, «Adyghe» cheese.

Keywords: analog, coagulation, mathematical model, protein, acidity, yield stress.


E.M. Panchishina
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

V.V. Kraschenko
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

THE TECHNOLOGY OF CANNED «FISH SOUP WITH SEAWEED» BASED FISH BROTH

Abstract. This article contains material substantiates the relevance of the technology being developed ready-to-eat food as canned soups. In the course of this work the technology canned soups in three items for which developed and approved modes of sterilization. Evaluation of the quality of finished products showed, that the new form will expand the range of canned food products that can be recommended for diet dietary all age groups.

Keywords: salmon fish, seaweed, fish broth, soup, canned, sterilization, nutritional value, organoleptic properties.


A.D. Pertseva
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

BIOLOGICALLY ACTIVE SUBSTANCES OF THE FAR EASTERN TREPANG

Abstract. The characteristic of the chemical composition of the far eastern trepang is given. Shown antifungal, anticancer, immunomodulatory effect of biologically active substances extracted from the tissues of the far eastern trepang.

Keywords: hydrobionts, sea cucumbers, BAS, far eastern trepang, carotenoids, triterpene glycosides.


V.I. Pogonets
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

A.V. Lazanovich
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

MODELLING OF PROCESS OF DRYING SHREDDED HYDROBIONT IN SUSPENSION

Abstract. The peculiarities of the process of shredded sea products desiccation in suspension are revealed. They determine hydrodynamic parameters of the blast of the heat carrier used as a working medium .The differential equations describing hydrodynamics of the process are received. The use of the differential equations is acceptable while elaborating the working models of desiccation.

Keywords: study, process, drying, seafood, suspension are revealed, parameters, hydrodynamic.


D.Y. Proskura
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

E.V. Paevskaya
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

Yu. G. Kapustina
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

EXTRACTION AND PROCESSING OF BIOLOGICALLY VALUABLE RAW FROM BIVALVE SHELLFISH

Abstract. The problem of waste-free processing of bivalve molluscs for example spizuly and Anadara broughtoni. Traditional methods and technology of clam boils down to the recovery of muscle clips. Sometimes processing flow basin, as an additive in the feed of poultry and poultry industry. All the rest goes towaste. But on clams, such as spizula, scallop, Anadara broughtoni, very, valuable raw materials can beconsidered within the blood and abdominal fluid, which contains a large amount of water-soluble (B1B2, B6, B12, PP, C, etc.) and fat-soluble (A, E, D, K), vitamins, and ω-3 fatty acids and trace elements, available in versions automatically collect blood and intraluminal fluid in the vessel easier, but unproductive,and the coast – more complex and high-performance. It also discusses ways to recycle organic waste processing of bivalve molluscs collected in the shell by cutting C02-extraction for the preparation of highly biologically active substances for use in food and medicine. It is also proposed flowsheet makingavailable to the public biologically valuable product of the «Hematogen», which can be used for improvement of children, rehabilitation of workers with poor working conditions.

Keywords: anadara, mussels, bioactive substances, raw materials, processing, CO2-extracting, hematogen.


E.V. Fedoseeva
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

THE RESEARCH OF TECHNICAL SALMON MILT CHARACTERISTICS AS RAW MATERIALS FOR PRODUCTION OF PRESERVED FOOD

Abstract. The results of researches of technological salmon milt characteristics are presented. Compoundings and technology of preserved food with use of salmon milt are developed, the nutrition value and biological efficiency of preserved production are studied and defined.

Keywords: salmon milt, characteristic, technology, compounding, preserved food.


TECHNOLOGICAL AND TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT OF FISHERIES


S.B. Burkhanov
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

L.V. Kucherenko
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

E.D. Bashtovaya
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

OPTIMIZATION THE WORK OF COURTS TANKER FLEET SERVICING OF FISHING EXPEDITIONS

Abstract. The paper analyzes the productional and financial performance of the tanker fleet in service of the company «Rimsko» fishing expeditions during the 2008-2010. Results of economic analysis were used to find ways to increase the efficiency of fankers.

Keywords: tanker fleet, voyage, expedition, economic indicators, perfomance.


A.A. Derjabin
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

D.Y. Proskura
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

S.D. Ugryumova
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF PROMOTION VISCOUS ENVIRONMENTS IN PIPELINE

Abstract. The issues related to the scientific substantiation of motion of visco -plastic food mass through round-sectioned pipes as one of the very complex and important practical problems related to the needfor various types of calculations have been studied. The magnitude of the numerical values of the properties of the product creates foundation for calculation of kinematic and dynamic parameters of product movement, motor power, structural dimensions of machines and strength conditions. The use of pipelines is much more promising as compared to traditional carts and gutters to move the visco-plastic food mass. The experimental procedure involves the measurement of geometric (length, diameter, holes, slots), dynamic (pressure and flow properties) and kinematic factors (average speed by weight orvolume flow). The processing method of dimensional analysis when instead of dynamic factors such kinematic and geometric factors as average speed and internal diameter of the tube, respectively are considered as the carriers, allows the formulation of criterion equation of dynamic movement of visco-plastic food masses.

Keywords: studues, methods, visco-plastic food mass, pipelines, rheology.


M.O. Zelenkova
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

D.A. Krikun
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

А.I. Fedorova
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

PROBLEMS OF CRUSHING OF ALGAS AND THEIR DECISION

Abstract. The review of the domestic and foreign crushing equipment is carried out. The main technical characteristics, merits and demerits of existing grinders for production of forages from algas are considered. Functional dependence of the main technical characteristics on grinders – productivity fromthe frequency of rotation of knifes, diameter of a lattice, efficiency of all area of a lattice by openings for pass of a product, quantity of edges of each knife, a surface of one kilogram of a product after crushing is revealed.

Keywords: seaweed, grinders, forage, devices, productivity.


I.V. Pishchulina
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

THE INNOVATIVE METHODS AND THE EQUIPMENT IN THE TECHNIQUE OF GEOMETRIC QUANTITIES’ MEASUREMENT

Abstract.  Human activity is inextricably linked with the measurement of distances, angles, volumes, and other physical quantities, expressed in terms of length. In the other hand, the accuracy in measuring matches to the level of the development of physical science and has a significant impact on progress of industrialtechnology. This article is a review of some innovative techniques and equipment in the methods ofmeasurement of geometrical quantities: new types of thickness gauges, new ways of measuring involute surfaces, laser interferometers and nanomeasuring. The authors examine the issues of several articles of «Measurement World», which show how complex the equipment and data processing of the results are for providing the required measurements' accuracy for the modern production.

Keywords: methods and tools for measuring, geometric quantities, precision, innovation, nanotechnology.


D.Y. Proskura
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

A.A. Derjabin
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

THE ISSUE OF RELIABILITY OF MINCED PRODUCT MANUFACTURING EQUIPMENT

Abstract. The analysis of the reliability of the process equipment for the production of minced fish minced fish products during operation under conditions not recommended by manufacturers used has been performed. It was necessary because introduction of new products, and application of non-traditional fishspecies in manufacturing of the above products occur on the equipment traditionally used in minced product manufacturing. The methods to improve the reliability of the equipment when considering the range of products made have been recommended.

Keywords: Reliability, equipment, mince, minced products.


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