«Scientific Journal of the Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University». Vol. 44. No 1. 2018 – download pdf


ICHTHYOLOGY. ECOLOGY


R.T. Abasova
Astrakhan State Technical  University
Russia, Astrakhan

A.V. Eliseeva
Astrakhan State Technical  University
Russia, Astrakhan

E.R. Ahmedova
Astrakhan State Technical  University
Russia, Astrakhan

PECULIARITIES OF GROWING OBJECTS OF AQUACULTURE AND SYELLOW ECONOMY ON THE EXAMPLE SRK «SHARAPOVSKY»OF ASTRAKHAN REGION

Abstract. The research was carried out at the SRC «Sharapovskiy» in 2015. As an object of research: ponds, carp fry, watermelons, tomato, pshnitsa. As a result of the research, the main stages of the technological process for growing young carp alternately with agricultural crops were studied.

Keywords: SRC «Sharapovsky», crop rotation, carp.


A.V. Eliseeva
Astrakhan State Technical  University
Russia, Astrakhan
 

R.T. Abasova
Astrakhan State Technical  University
Russia, Astrakhan

E.R. Ahmedova
Astrakhan State Technical  University
Russia, Astrakhan

FEATURES OF ADAPTATION OF PILENGAS TO ARTIFICIAL THE CONDITIONS OF DETENTION IN SYSTEMS WITH CIRCULATING WATER

Abstract. The research was carried out in the aquacomplex of the coastal scientific expeditionary base. The study period was conducted from January to May 2017, the object was Pilengas. For its maintenance, aplant with circulating water supply (UWW) was used. Salinity of water was provided with sodium chlorideand maintained its level of 2–3 g / l. Illumination fluctuated in the range of 30–150 lux. To monitor thebehavior of fish, power was used underwater surveillance system Underwater Camera Mono with infraredillumination, which allows to observe in total darkness. Feeding was carried out with granulated mixedfodder for sturgeons of Coppens. The fatness ratio was calculated by Fulton. To keep the bearing in artificialconditions in systems with circulating water supply it is necessary to maintain the constancy of themedium, in particular temperature and salinity.

Keywords: aquarium complex, pilengas, artificial feeding, acclimatization, salinity.


G.M. Pushnikova
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

O.N. Shepeleva
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

I.G. Rybnikova
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

INFESTATION OF DIFFERENT LENGTH GROUPS OF PACIFIC HERRING WITH THE LARVAE OF NEMATODES

Abstract. We investigated the infestation of spawning herring with the larvae of Anisakis simplex. Over 2000 specimens of herring from different costal Sakhalin waters were analyzed. The tendency of increasinginvasion with the increase of fish length was identified. With the linear growth of herring the extensivenessof invasion increases and reaches 100 % in relation to the maximum length of fish body. Since this wasnot observed for other types of herring, such a phenomenon can be possibly considered a specific featureof Pacific herring.

Keywords: herring, anisakid larvae, Anisakis simplex, extensiveness of invasion, index of abundance.


Halyna Tkachenko
Department of Zoology and Animal Physiology, Institute of Biology and Environmental Protection, Pomeranian University
Slupsk, Poland

Joanna Grudniewska
Department of Salmonid Research, Stanislaw Sakowicz Inland Fisheries Institute 
Żukowo, Poland

ENZYMATIC ANTIOXIDANT DEFENSES IN THE HEART OF THE RAINBOW TROUT (ONCORHYNCHUS MYKISS WALBAUM) AFTER PREVENTIVEDISINFECTING MEASURES WITH FORMALIN

Abstract. The aim of the study was to assess the activity of the antioxidant defenses (superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione reductase, glutathione peroxidase, total antioxidant capacity) in the cardiac tissue ofrainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss Walbaum) after preventive disinfecting measures with formalin (finalconcentration 200 ml/m3 in water, 20 minutes application, three times repeated in 3 days). Disinfectionof fish caused an increase in catalase activity and a decrease in the superoxide dismutase activity.Correlation analysis confirmed the relationship between catalase activity and a high level of total antioxidantcapacity in the cardiac tissue of rainbow trout after preventive disinfecting measures with formalin.The use of formalin as a disinfectant in rainbow trout contributes to the preservation of the functional potentialof the stress-limiting antioxidant defense system, which will prevent the accumulation of toxicproducts of lipid peroxidation and oxidatively modified proteins.

Keywords: rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss), heart, formalin, disinfection, superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione reductase, glutathione peroxidase, total antioxidant capacity.


Halyna Tkachenko
Department of Zoology and Animal Physiology, Institute of Biology and Environmental Protection, Pomeranian University
Slupsk, Poland

Joanna Grudniewska
Department of Salmonid Research, Stanislaw Sakowicz Inland Fisheries Institute 
Żukowo, Poland

METABOLIC ALTERATIONS IN THE MUSCLE TISSUE OF BROWN TROUT (SALMO TRUTTA M. FARIO) IMMUNIZED WITH A VACCINE AGAINSTAEROMONAS SPP

Abstract. The purpose of this study was to assess the activity of enzymes (transaminases, lactate dehydrogenase)and metabolites (lactic and pyruvic acids) in the muscle tissue of brown trout (Salmo trutta m.fario) vaccinated against furunculosis caused by Aeromonas spp. Immunization of fish stimulated the activityof aminotransferases and lactate dehydrogenase. Estimation of the intensity of metabolism suggeststhat it is associated with an alterations in the processes of the protein catabolism in the muscle tissue. Theintensification of energy support reactions with a predominance of aerobic metabolism in vaccinated fishwas noted. It was suggested the mobilization of tissue respiration coupled with the oxidative phosphorylationin the muscle tissue of vaccinated fish. Perspective is the use of the markers of oxidative stress andmetabolic reactions to assess the health condition under different methods of fish immunization.

Keywords: brown trout (Salmo trutta m. fario), Aeromonas spp., vaccination, oxidative stress, aminotransferase, lactate dehydrogenase, lactate, pyruvate, metabolism.


M.A. Yuldashov
Institute of Zoology of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan, Tashkent

B.G. Kamilov
Research Institute of Fish Culture of the Republic of Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan, Tashkent

RESULTS OF INTRODUCTION OF ALIEN FISH SPECIES TO WATERBODIES OF UZBEKISTAN

Abstract. In XXth century, 47 fish species were introduced to waterbodies of Uzbekistan including 23 of special-purpose and 24 accidental; they were introduced from Caspian Sea, Black Sea, Baltic Sea, Caucasus,European part of Russia, lakes of Kyrgyzstan, fish farm of Kazakhstan, Far Eastern part of Russiaand China. Fish were introduced to the Aral Sea (10 species), newly created reservoirs (4), fish cultureponds (31), different types of waterbodies (1). At present 22 introduced species vanished in region; 7 speciesare not numerous, 20 species are common and numerous. From fisheries point of view there were6 high value marketable, 18 – commercial and 23 trash fishes between introduced species. All species introducedto Aral Sea vanished as salinity of water increased. Alien species acclimated in case of introductionto newly created waterbody without local established local ichthyofauna (fish culture pond, reservoir,lake for residual waters storage). Alien species which have preferences in their biology in compare withlocal species widely spread in newly created water bodies; those were representatives of far easternfaunistic complex and they negatively impacted to stocks of local small fishes.

Keywords: introduced and alien fish species, inland capture fisheries, fish culture, Uzbekistan water bodies.


INDUSTRIAL FISHERIES. ACOUSTICS


P.A. Starodubtcev
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Pacific Higher Naval Collage after S.O. Makarov

Russia, Vladivostok

E.N. Baklanov
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

N.L. Khalaev
Pacific Higher Naval Collage after S.O. Makarov
Russia, Vladivostok

E.V. Moskalenko
Pacific Higher Naval Collage after S.O. Makarov
Russia, Vladivostok

AMPHYDROMIC POINTS OF CLOSED AQUATORIES AND THEIR INFLUENCE ON THE ACOUSTIC FIELD CHARACTERISTICS

Abstract. The article is devoted to the peculiarities of tidal phenomena in the water areas of the Far Eastern seas, their influence on the formation of acoustic fields of various physical objects.

Keywords: acoustic field, tide, seiches, amphidrome point, sound channel.


T.B. Barkanova
Russian Federal Research Institute Of  Fisheries and Oceanography (VNIRO)
Russia, Moscow

USING SYSTEMS FOR REMOTE SENSING OF THE EARTH AS A TECHNICAL MEANS OF COMMERCIAL FISHING EXPLORATION(on the example of The South-West Atlantic area)

Abstract. Modern means of remote sensing, which currently provide a high degree of frequency and accuracy of measurements of basic parameters of the World's oceans – sea surface temperature, water color, salinity,direction and speed of currents, surface level of the ocean today successfully act as technical meansof commercial fishing exploration. On the example of the South-West Atlantic area, the paper considersthe possibilities of using the materials of analysis of operational and archival satellite information on thevariability of temperature conditions, spatial and temporal distribution of phytoplankton fields, the maincurrents of the area, with the operational fisheries management of the Argentine squid Illex argentinus, aswell as assessing their impact on the formation of the bioproductivity of the water area.

Keywords:satellite information, technical means of commercial fishing exploration, fisheries management sea surface temperature (SST), dynamics of phytoplankton fields, South-West Atlantic, illex argentinussquid fishing..


SHIP POWER PLANTS, EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS, SHIP NAVIGATION FACILITIES, SHIP ELECTRICAL FACILITIES


B.I. Rudnev
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

O.V. Povalikhina
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

OPTICAL-GEOMETRICAL DATA OF RADIATION IN MARINE DIESELOPTICAL-GEOMETRICAL DATA OF RADIATION IN MARINE DIESELCOMBUSTION CHAMBER

Abstract. Method of calculation geometrical angle coefficients radiation in marine medium speed diesel engine combustion chamber is given. Local disposition of variation this coefficient on cylinder radius. The connectionbetween of disposition variation of angle coefficients and radiation heat fluxes receive by combustionchamber surfaces has been define.

Keywords: Optical-geometrical data of radiation in marine diesel combustion chamber.


A.N. Sobolenko
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

B.N. Vorobjev
The Admiral Nevelskoy Maritime State University
Russia, Vladivostok

PROBLEMS OF GAS FUEL USAGE IN SHIP ENGINES

Abstract. There is an urgent need to transfer Russian marine power to gas fuel. But there are no special deals in this direction. Gaseous fuels, in particular natural gas, have a number of advantages over liquid fuels.These are good anti-knock qualities of gas fuels, favorable conditions of mixture formation, wide limits of ignition in mixtures with air. According to the specific power and fuel efficiency of the best modern gasand gas-liquid engines are close to liquid fuel, and the toxicity of exhaust gases has significant advantages over them. Fuel supply systems with quantitative, qualitative and mixed regulation of gas engines are developed.To transfer the operation of marine diesel engines from Diesel mode to Gas mode, the fuel supplysystem of the engine must be fitted with gas equipment and appropriate safety measures are to be provided.Conversion of Diesel mode engines to Gas mode engines in practice has a number of problems ofboth organizational and technical nature. This is a problem of technical policy, insufficient regulatoryrules for the operation of gas-powered vessels, the lack of infrastructure for refueling ships with gas inRussian ports, the lack of recommendations on the choice of modes of operation when transferring to gasfor existing diesel engines. It is necessary to start gas introduction with the organization of retraining ofvessels crews to work with natural gas. The practical realization of Conversion of Diesel mode engines toGas mode engines has to begin with Portoflot vessels.

Keywords: natural gas, diesel engines, problems.


TECHNOLOGY AND QUALITY CONTROL OF FOOD PRODUCTS


A.L. Blinova
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok 

REFORM OF THE STATE CONTROL AND OVERSIGHT SYSTEM FOR COMPLIANCE WITH MANDATORY REQUIREMENTS FOR FISH AND FISH PRODUCTS

Abstract. The analysis of reforms carried out in the member states of the Eurasian Economic Union for (EAEC) of the system of state control and supervision over observance of mandatory requirements, applicationto technical regulation facilities. The expediency of using the forecasted risk management mechanisms harmonized within the framework of the Eurasian Economic Community in the planning of productcontrol and supervision is substantiated. The forms and frequency of control and supervision measures in the field of food fish products are recommended.

Keywords: state control (supervision), technical regulations, Eurasian Economic Union, riskoriented approach.


V.D. Bogdanov
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok 

A.A. Simdiankin
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok 

TECHNOLOGICAL SUPPORT OF THE PLANT FOR MANUFACTURE OF DRY CONCENTRATE OF SEA CUCUMBER

Abstract. A selection of equipment for providing the technological process for the production of dry sea cucumber concentrate with a capacity of 250 kg by raw material has been fabricated. High quality of the finished product is ensured by maintaining a low temperature during all technological operations. The location of equipment for obtaining dry sea cucumber concentrate is proposed.

Keywords: dry sea cucumber concentrate, equipment, freezing, grinding.


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