«Scientific Journal of the Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University». Vol. 43. No 4. 2017 – download pdf


ICHTHYOLOGY. ECOLOGY


L.A. Gayko
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

MODERN APPROACHES TO FORECASTING OF PRODUCTIVITY OF AQUATIC ORGANISMS IN MARICULTURE FARMING WITH THE USE OF CLIMATE INFORMATION

Abstract. Forecast the yield of mollusks is of great importance for the normal functioning of mariculture farming. Existing methods of prediction rely on identifying empirical relationships between biological and hydrological factors. The work attempted to develop methods of long-term forecast of the yield of mollusks on the basis of agrometeorological forecasts. Discusses the formation of a new concept of agricultural meteorology – marine aimed at information support of mariculture farming with the aim of creating evidence-based methods long-term forecast the yield of mollusks in the mariculture farms of Primorye.

Keywords: the aquatic, marine, farm, mollusk, yield forecast, spat scallop, the scheme of the forecast.


N.N. Kovalev
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok
 

Y.M. Pozdnyakova
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

G.Y Sukhoverhova
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

JUSTIFICATION OF FEED-STUFF COMPOSITION FOR FAR EASTERN JUSTIFICATION OF FEED-STUFF COMPOSITION FOR FAR EASTERNTREPANG WHITEBAIT

Abstract. The justification of feed compound composition for the whitebait of Far Eastern trepang is substantiated using biostimulating components of cholesterol and DNA was conducted. It has been experimentally established that the largest weight gain of trepang was observed with the use of feeds containing DNA of salmon milt at a dosage of 1 g / kg of feed (feed No. 3) and feed No. 6 containing cholesterol and DNA.

Keywords: trepang, feed-stuff, whtebait, cholesterol, DNA.


Igor Kharchenko
M.M. Gryshko National Botanical Garden, National Academy of Science of Ukraine
Kyiv, Ukraine

Myroslava Maryniuk
M.M. Gryshko National Botanical Garden, National Academy of Science of Ukraine
Kyiv, Ukraine

Halyna Tkachenko
Department of Zoology and Animal Physiology, Institute of Biology and Environmental Protection, Pomeranian University
Slupsk, Poland

Lyudmyla Buyun
M.M. Gryshko National Botanical Garden, National Academy of Science of Ukraine
Kyiv, Ukraine

Paweł Pażontka-Lipiński
Institute of Biology and Environmental Protection, Pomeranian University
Slupsk, Poland

Marlena Witaszek
Institute of Biology and Environmental Protection, Pomeranian University
Slupsk, Poland

Zbigniew Osadowski
Institute of Biology and Environmental Protection, Pomeranian University
Slupsk, Poland 

TOTAL ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY OF THE MUSCLE TISSUE OF THE RAINBOW TROUT (ONCORHYNCHUS MYKISS WALBAUM) UNDER INCUBATION WITH EXTRACTS FROM LEAVES OF VARIOUS CULTIVARS OF CAMELLIA JAPONICA L.

Abstract. The main objective of the present study was to evaluate the effect of extracts derived from the leaves of various Camellia japonica L. cultivars on the level of total antioxidant capacity (TAC) in the muscle tissue of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss Walbaum). In the current investigations the extracts obtained from the leaves of various Camellia japonica L. cultivars (C. japonica 'Kramer’s Supreme',C. japonica 'C.M.Wilson', C. japonica 'La Pace', C. japonica 'Mrs. Lyman Clarke', C. japonica cv. 3,C. japonica cv. 15) from the living plant collections grown under glasshouse conditions in the Departmentof tropical and subtropical plants at M.M. Gryshko National Botanical Garden of the National Academyof Sciences of Ukraine (Kyiv, Ukraine) were used. Freshly collected leaves were washed, weighted,crushed, and homogenized in phosphate buffer 0.1М (in ratio 1:19) at ambient temperature. Muscle tissuewas removed from rainbow trout after immediate decapitation. The tissue samples were rinsed andhomogenized in ice-cold 100 mМ Tris-HCl buffer (pH 7.2) using laboratory glass homogenizer H500(POL-EKO). Obtained 10% supernatants were subjected to centrifugation at 3000g for 15 min at 4°C.After centrifugation the supernatant of fish muscle tissue was used for incubation with leaf extracts ofvarious C. japonica cultivars (in ratio 19:1) at ambient temperature. The control group (muscle tissue)was incubated with 100 mМ Tris-HCl buffer (pH 7.2) (in ratio 19:1). The incubation time was 2 hrs, afterthat the intensity of total antioxidant capacity was evaluated in incubated homogenate. All enzymaticanalyses were conducted at 22±0.5°С using spectrophotometer Specol 11 (Carl Zeiss Jena, Germany)with 6 replicates. The results of investigation revealed quite high level of ТAC in samples of muscle tissueincubated with leaf extracts of C. japonica 'C.M.Wilson' and C. japonica cv. 3 cultivars. The levels of ТACwere increased by 41.7% and 44.8% (p<0.05) as compared with control group of muscle tissuehomogenate. Leaf extracts of C. japonica 'La Pace' and C. japonica 'Kramer’s Supreme' cultivars beingincubated with muscle tissue have not changed the level of ТAC, while the effect of the leaves extracts ofC. japonica 'Mrs. Lyman Clarke' and C. japonica cv. 15 on the decreasing of ТAC level was insignificant(p>0.05). The results of the study suggested high antioxidant capacity of Camellia cultivars screened givereason to believe that application of these plant extracts signifies a rational curative strategy to preventand cure various fish diseases involving oxidative stress by increasing the ability of fish organism toadapt. It was observed that the positive effect of camellia’s preparations for treatment of variouspathological conditions of the organism is associated with high content of the substances with highantioxidant activity responsible for its ability to reduce oxidative stress. The reactive oxygen speciesscavenging effect of Camellia extract demonstrated in this study might have been associated with flavonolor phenolic compounds. The obtained data suggested, that the level of ТAC in samples of rainbow troutmuscle tissue may be used as one of the indicators in order to assess the functional conditions ofantioxidant system of the organism and effectiveness of exogenous antioxidant application.

Keywords: rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss), total antioxidant capacity, Camellia japonica L.


Myroslava Maryniuk
M.M. Gryshko National Botanical Garden, National Academy of Science of Ukraine
Kyiv, Ukraine

Igor Kharchenko
M.M. Gryshko National Botanical Garden, National Academy of Science of Ukraine
Kyiv, Ukraine

Halyna Tkachenko
Institute of Biology and Environmental Protection, Pomeranian University
Slupsk, Poland

Lyudmyla Buyun
M.M. Gryshko National Botanical Garden, National Academy of Science of Ukraine
Kyiv, Ukraine

Marlena Witaszek
Institute of Biology and Environmental Protection, Pomeranian University
Slupsk, Poland

Paweł Pażontka-Lipiński
Institute of Biology and Environmental Protection, Pomeranian University
Slupsk, Poland

Zbigniew Osadowski
Institute of Biology and Environmental Protection, Pomeranian University
Slupsk, Poland

IN VITRO STUDY OF LIPID PEROXIDATION MARKERS IN THE MUSCLE TISSUE OF THE RAINBOW TROUT (ONCORHYNCHUS MYKISS WALBAUM) UNDER INCUBATION WITH EXTRACTS FROM LEAVES OF VARIOUS SPECIES OF SANSEVIERIA THUNB. (ASPARAGACEAE)

Abstract. The main objective of the present study was to evaluate the lipid peroxidation biomarkers in the muscle tissue of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss Walbaum) under incubation with extracts derived fromthe leaves of various Sansevieria Thunb. (Asparagaceae) species, aimed at the further improving methodsfor preventing and treating fish diseases by increasing the natural resistance of fish organism using antibacterialand antioxidant agents in aquaculture. The leaves of Sansevieiria francisii Chahin, S. caulescensN.E.Br., S. suffruticosa N.E.Br., S. roxburghiana Schult. & Schult.f., S. metallica Gérôme & Labroy, S.hyacinthoides (L.) Druce, S. cylindrica Bojer ex Hook., S. canaliculata Carrière, S. aethiopica Thunb., S.kirkii Baker, S. trifasciata Prain., S. forscaoliana (Schult. & Schult.f.) Hepper & J.R.I.Wood, S. fisheri(Baker) Marais, S. dooneri N.E.Br., S. intermedia N.E.Br., S. gracilis N.E.Br., S. parva N.E.Br. (syn. S.dooneri N.E.Br.) were sampled at M.M. Gryshko National Botanical Garden of the National Academy ofSciences of Ukraine (Kyiv, Ukraine). Muscle tissue was removed from trout after immediate decapitation.The tissue samples were rinsed and homogenized in ice-cold 100 mМ Tris-HCl buffer (pH 7.2) using laboratoryglass homogenizer H500 (POL-EKO). Obtained 10 % supernatants were subjected to centrifugationat 3000g for 15 min at 4°C. After centrifugation the supernatant of fish muscle tissue was used forincubation with leaf extracts of various Sansevieria species (in ratio 19:1) at ambient temperature. Thecontrol group (rainbow trout muscle tissue) was incubated with 100 mМ Tris-HCl buffer (pH 7.2) (in ratio19:1). The incubation time was 2 hrs, after that the intensity of lipid peroxidation processes was evaluated.All enzymatic analyses were conducted at 22±0,5°С using spectrophotometer Specol 11 (Carl ZeissJena, Germany) with 6 replicates per analysis. 2-Thiobarbituric acid-reacting substances (TBARS) assayhas been applied to evaluate the intensity of lipid peroxidation of the sample according to the method ofKamyshnikov (2004). The results obtained after incubation of muscle tissue with plant-derived extractsexhibit that content of TBARS vary in the range of (48.06±5,35) to (76.86±6,64) nmol per mg protein. Thesignificant increasing of TBARS content was observed in sample incubated with the leaf extracts of S. cylindrica,S. сanaliculata, S. trifasciata, S. metallica (increasing of TBARS content by 52.1%, 44.4%,43.1%, 40.1%, p<0.05, respectively) as compared with control group of muscle tissue homogenate. Incubationof muscle tissue sample with leaf extracts of S. forscaoliana, S. parva, S. hyacinthoides leaves wasaccompanied by insignificant changes of lipid peroxidation marker (TBARS) content (64.57±5.33,63.78±6.56 and 63.06±6.22 nmol/mg protein, respectively). Also, the leaf extracts of S. fisheri, S. intermedia,S. gracilis and S. kirkii have not changed lipid peroxidation marker (TBARS) significantly[(58.46±5.03), (57.88±5.64), (57.41±4.60), (56.41±5.39) nmol/mg protein, respectively]. Thus, from theabove study, it can be concluded that among plant extracts screened for in vitro antioxidant properties inrainbow trout muscle tissue the strongest toxicity responses were exhibited by S. cylindrica, S.сanaliculata, S. trifasciata, S. metallica extracts. The results obtained from the preliminary study of lipidperoxidation levels in rainbow trout muscle tissue indicate that these values are determined by the chemicalcomposition of the leaves of plant species tested. Furthermore, some compounds tend to increase freeradical activity, i.e. exhibit prooxidant properties. It is in line with literature data, suggested that manifestationof anti- or prooxidant properties of plant extracts are strongly influenced by the chemical nature ofcompound, it concentration etc.

Keywords: Rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss), muscle tissue, Sansevieria, leaf extracts, lipidp eroxidation.


INDUSTRIAL FISHERIES. ACOUSTICS


S.M. Balabaev
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

N.F. Ivina
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

MATHEMATICAL MODEL OF HYDROACOUSTIC PIEZOTRANSDUCER IN THE FORM OF A HOLLOW ELLIPTIC CYLINDER

Abstract. The system of partial differential equations describing the natural oscillations of the piezoelectric transducer in the form of a hollow elliptic cylinder is obtained. Electromagnetic field theory, theory ofelasticity and electro-elasticity, equations of mathematical physics, elements of tensor analysis and orthogonal curvilinear coordinates applied to the solution of this problem.

Keywords: piezoelectric transducer, orthogonal curvilinear coordinates, natural oscillations.


M.V. Mironenko
Special Design Bureau for Automation Tools for Marine Research, Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Russia, Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk

E.N. Baklanov
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

P.A. Starodubtcev
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Pacific Higher Naval Collage after S.O. Makarov

Russia, Vladivostok

K.A. Pichugin
Pacific Higher Naval Collage after S.O. Makarov
Russia, Vladivostok

BRIEF ANALYSIS OF PERSPECTIVE TECHNOLOGIES OF POSITIONALHYDROACOUSTIC MEANS OF COMPLEX MONITORING OF THE OCEAN

Abstract. The article presents review materials of theoretical studies of modern positional hydroacoustic instruments for large-scale monitoring of the ocean environment, based on the results of which complex experiments are created, designed to study various hydrodynamic processes of natural origin, man-caused phenomena in the ocean and its coastal zone, and the development of marine instrumentation in general.

Keywords: water area monitoring, hydroacoustic antenna, hydroacoustic track, hydroacoustic station.


SHIP POWER PLANTS, EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS, SHIP NAVIGATION FACILITIES, SHIP ELECTRICAL FACILITIES


B.I. Rudnev
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

O.V. Povalikhina
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

OPTICAL-GEOMETRICAL DATA OF RADIATION IN MARINE DIESELOPTICAL-GEOMETRICAL DATA OF RADIATION IN MARINE DIESELCOMBUSTION CHAMBER

Abstract. Method of calculation geometrical angle coefficients radiation in marine medium speed diesel engine combustion chamber is given. Local disposition of variation this coefficient on cylinder radius. The connectionbetween of disposition variation of angle coefficients and radiation heat fluxes receive by combustionchamber surfaces has been define.

Keywords: Optical-geometrical data of radiation in marine diesel combustion chamber.


TECHNOLOGY AND QUALITY CONTROL OF FOOD PRODUCTS


V.I. Volchenko
Murmansk State Technical University
Russia, Murmansk

A.Yu. Glukharev
Murmansk State Technical University
Russia, Murmansk

OPTIMIZATION OF THE RECIPE COMPOSITION OF A NEW KIND OF BAKED SAUSAGE PRODUCT WITH ADDITION OF FISH RAW MATERIALS

Abstract. This article presents research on improving the protein and lipid constituents of meat cooked sausages. It is scientifically proved to replace part of the meat raw material with fish. A technology for the production of a new type of sausage with the addition of microwave blanched cod liver and fish protein isolate from blue whiting has been developed. Optimization of meat-fish sausages was carried out using the theory of experimental planning (central composition plan). As a result of the experiments, the optimal formulation for the number of main components was established. The physico-chemical, structural-mechanical (penetrationforce with a spherical indenter), economic studies of finished products are shown.

Keywords: sausages, Atlantic cod, cod liver, microwave blanching, fish protein isolate, northern blue whiting, sausage making technology.


S.N. Maksimova
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok 

T. N. Slutskaya
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok 

E.V. Fedoseeva
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok 

A.G. Kim
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok 

THE TECHNOLOGY OF THE NEW PRODUCT FROM DRIED SEA CUCUMBER

Abstract. The technology of dried product from the crushed molded mass of sea cucumber (snacks), which differsfrom all known species of dried products of this object's properties is developed. The technological parametersof the developed product are substantiated. The quality of the finished product in storage is investigated.

Keywords: Far Eastern sea cucumber, biologically valuable raw materials, technology, receipt, drying, finished product, snacks, storage.


Yu.V. Karpenko
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok 

V.V. Krachshenko
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok 

THE DURATION OF RAW MATERIAL FINE COMMINUTION IN FISH GEL PRODUCTION

Abstract. One of the main technological operations on which the quality of the finished product depends is fine comminution. Investigation of the comminution process and finding its optimum values in the production of homogeneous fish gel is a topical object. The dynamic viscosities have been investigated as a criterion for the optimal fine comminution time and the temperature change during the cutting process. The sensory scale for implement an organoleptic assessment of the samples is developed, the main and single descriptors of cutting duration are determined.

Keywords: fine comminution, temperature, homogeneous, cutting, gel, binary gelling agent, viscosity, sensory scale, organoleptic properties.


T.N. Pivnenko
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok 

Yu.M. Pozdnyakova
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok 

A.N. Kovalev
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok 

RESEARCH OF METHODS OF PREPARATION OF LOW-MOLECULAR COLLAGEN FROM JELLY-FISH ROPILEMA RHOPILEMA ASAMUSHI

Abstract. A comparative study of methods of preparation of water soluble compounds of collagen from jelly-fish ropilema Rhopilema Asamushi is undertaken with the use of ultrasonic treatment and enzymatic hydrolysis.It is shown, what only a enzymatic hydrolysis allows to transformate in a soluble form to 74 % from initial composition of preparation. The estimation of molecular-mass distribution of the got components is given with the use of methods of gel-filtration and electrophoresis in PAAG. Recommendations are given on theuse of the got preparations.

Keywords: jelly-fish ropilema, collagen, gel-filtration, electrophoresis, molecular-mass distribution.


N.G. Tungusov
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok 

E.V. Shadrina
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok 

V. D. Bogdanov
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok 

TECHNICAL SUPPORT OF THE CORE PROCESSES COMBINED TECHNOLOGY FOR THE PRODUCTION F FEED ADDITIVE FROM THE SEA STARS

Abstract. Promoted the selection of equipment to ensure the technological process of production of feed additive of starfish combined method performance on raw 1000 kg or 300 kg on the finished product. To conduct basictechnological operations: extraction, separation of mixtures, removal of solvent, the fermentation, predryingby evaporation, it is proposed to use the vacuum reactor. The high quality of the finished product isensured by low temperature and short heat treatment in a vacuum reactor and a roller-drum drying apparatus. Developed hardware and technological scheme of production of feed additives from starfish combinedmethod..

Keywords: starfish, equipment, extraction, fermenting, feed additive.


TECHNOLOGICAL AND TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT OF FISHERIES


A.I. Krikun
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

RESEARCH OF GRAIN MATERIALS AT WATER TREATMENT

Abstract. In this article, an algorithm for searching for real-field resources (RFR) has been developed, an analysis and experimental study of granular materials of Primorsky Krai has been carried out, with a view to their possible use in water treatment for processing needs at fish processing enterprises. The most effective granular loads are determined in the filtration of sea water.

Keywords: filtration, granular materials, sea water, filter, fish processing enterprises, technological needs.

 

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