«Scientific Journal of the Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University». Vol. 41. No 2. 2017 – download pdf


ICHTHYOLOGY. ECOLOGY


R.S. Bessonov
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

A.R. Galautdinova
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

V.A. Dubina
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
V.I. Il'ichev Pacific Oceanological Institute, Far Eastern Branch Russian Academy of Sciences

Russia, Vladivostok

FEATURES OF THE WATER DYNAMICS NEAR EASTERN PRIMORYE COAST

Abstract. Archive of the satellite images of the northwest part Japan/East Sea is created. Features of the water dynamics near eastern Primorye coast are revealed on base of the joint analysis satellite visible and infrared images and supplementary information.

Keywords: Japan/East Sea, Primorye coast, surface current, submesoscale eddies, internal waves, Landsat satellites, spectroradiometr MODIS.


E.A. Gorbacheva
Polar Research Institute of Marine Fisheries and Oceanography named after N.M. Knipovich
Russia, Murmansk

TOXICOLOGICAL STUDY OF BOTTOM SEDIMENTS IN THE COASTAL AREAS OF THE BARENTS SEA

Abstract. Biological testing method was used to study the toxicity of the bottom sediments taken near the fish farms in the Pechenga and Ura Bays and in the coastal zone from the Ura Bay to the Kildin Island. Microalgae Phaeodactylum tricornutum and larvae of shrimp Artemia salina were applied as the test organisms. It was shown that near the fish farms bottom sediments were not toxic. Only the bottom sediments collected in the mouth of the Ura Bay (near the Bear Island) and on the both sides of the Kola Fjord mouth (on the beam of the Pogan’navolok Cape and on the opposite side of the Cherny Cape) were slightly toxic for A. salina.

Keywords: toxicological studies, bottom sediments, coastal areas.


A.Yu. Zhilin
Polar Research Institute of Marine Fisheries and Oceanography named after N.M. Knipovich
Russia, Murmansk

N.F. Plotitsyna
Polar Research Institute of Marine Fisheries and Oceanography named after N.M. Knipovich
Russia, Murmansk

A.M. Bondar
Polar Research Institute of Marine Fisheries and Oceanography named after N.M. Knipovich
Russia, Murmansk

THE CONTENT OF POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC HYDR OCARBONS (PAHS) IN COMMERCIAL FISHES OF THE BARENTS SEA

Abstract. Investigated the levels of 19 PAHs in the Barents Sea fish caught in different fishing areas. In total, we analyzed 146 samples (73 samples of the muscle and 73 samples of the liver) Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua), hadd oCk (Melanogrammus aeglefinus), saithe (Pollachius virens), American plaice (Hippoglossoidesplatessoides), sea plaice (Pleuronectes platessa), jelly wolfish (Anarhichas denticulatus), Atlantic wolfish (Anarhichas lupus), spotted wolfish (Anarhichas minor), golden redfish (Sebastes marinus), beaked redfish (Sebastes mentella) and Greenland halibut (Reinhardtius hippoglossoides). The obtained results confirmthe negligible level of contamination of muscle and liver of commercial fish of the Barents Sea PAHs, including exhibiting carcinogenic activity. To assess the risk of accumulation in fish of PAH when eating isnot possible due to the lack of Russian regulations on the content of these compounds in raw fish.

Keywords: polycyclic aromatic hydroCarbons (PAHs), fish in the Barents Sea.


Y.N. Kalashnikov
Polar Research Institute of Marine Fisheries and Oceanography named after N.M. Knipovich
Russia, Murmansk

STATE OF ATLANTIC MACKEREL FISHERY IN NORT-EAST ATLANTIC

Abstract. This article discusses the current state of the stock and the fisheries of mackerel in the North-East Atlantic and issues in managing fisheries at the international level. A brief history of international and domestic mackerel fishery. It is shown the dynamics of world catch of mackerel, are considered the reasons for the decline or increase of the Russian fishing in different periods. Noting the leading role in the domestic research organization in the mid-1980s, fishing for mackerel in international waters of the Norwegian Sea. Summarizes the stages of formation of international regulation of the fisheries of mackerel. Particular attention is paid to the period from the beginning of the regulation of fishing of mackerel in the whole area, as well as Russia's role in this process. Noted that to preserve the mackerel stock within safe biological boundaries must be strict regulation of its fisheries through ICES and NEAFC with the use of research evidence.

Keywords: North-East Atlantic, Norwegian sea, mackerel, fishery, the dynamics of stocks, international regulation.


B.G. Kamilov
Research Institute of Fish Culture of the Republic of Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan, Tashkent

U.T. Mirzayev
Research Institute of Fish Culture of the Republic of Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan, Tashkent

Z.A.Mustafaeva
Research Institute of Fish Culture of the Republic of Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan, Tashkent
 

AGE AND GROWTH OF BREAM (ABRAMIS BRAMA LINNAEUS) IN TUDAKUL RESERVOIR OF UZBEKISTAN

Abstract. The study was carried out from November 2013 to october 2014 in Tudakul reservoir, Uzbekistan. A total 278 breams, Abramis brama L., were sampled including 126 females and 152 males. Scale of bream iscycloid, large, with straight edges. The ages, total lengths, standard length and weights of the sample sranged between 1 to 5 years, 14 to 48.5 cm, 11.5 to 41 and 30 to 1405 g, respectively. The relation betweenweight (W, g) and total length (TL, cm) was described by equation W = 0,005*TL3,2555 (P<0.05) (r = 0,98). The relationship between total length (TL) and standard length (SL) was described by linear equation: TL = 1,1967*SL+0,9333 (P<0,05). (r = 0,99). Mean back calculated total length was at age I –13.52 cm, II – 28.12 cm, III – 37.87 cm, IV – 42.65 cm, V – 48.56 cm. In Tudakul reservoir, bream growth rate is fast incompare with other regions of area and introductions of this species.

Keywords: bream, Abramis brama, age, back-calculation, growth.


A.M. Mukhortova
Polar Research Institute of Marine Fisheries and Oceanography named after N.M. Knipovich
Russia, Murmansk

A.V. Baryshnikov
Polar Research Institute of Marine Fisheries and Oceanography named after N.M. Knipovich
Russia, Murmansk

I.I. Lyzhov
Polar Research Institute of Marine Fisheries and Oceanography named after N.M. Knipovich
Russia, Murmansk

V.A. Mukhin
Polar Research Institute of Marine Fisheries and Oceanography named after N.M. Knipovich
Russia, Murmansk

BIOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF BARETS SEA’S FLOUNDERS (PLEURONECTIDAE): GLYPTOCEPHALUS CYNOGLOSSUS, PLEURONECTES PLATESSA AND LIMANDA LIMANDA

Abstract. We conducted the investigation of biochemical properties for some flounders (Pleuronectidae) that live in Barents Sea. The content of water, lipids, proteins, minerals in their tissues and organs was studied; fraction content of proteins and lipids and amino acids of proteins was studied by methods of chromatography as well.

Keywords: flounder, Barents Sea, biochemical composition, chromatography.


A.M. Nikolaev
Polar Research Institute of Marine Fisheries and Oceanography named after N.M. Knipovich
Russia, Murmansk

M.Yu. Alekseev
Polar Research Institute of Marine Fisheries and Oceanography named after N.M. Knipovich
Russia, Murmansk

SEASONAL AND DAILY DRIFT DYNAMICS OF INVERTEBRATES IN THE SALMON KOLA RIVER (THE KOLA PENINSULA)

Abstract.The daily drift dynamics of marine invertebrates and its seasonal patterns in the salmon Kola River (the Barents Sea basin) were studied. Simultaneously, the feeding dynamics of the juvenile Atlantic salmon was analyzed. It was found that drift abundance and biomass varied both during a day and from season to season, and the dynamics had its peculiarities in the different time periods. In almost all the cases, except for July, the maximum quantitative parameters of the invertebrate migration were associated with the night time, while of the seasonal one – with August. The daily dynamics of the dominating groups of the organisms showed pronounced synchrony, with the exception of the autumn time. The bolus composition in juvenile salmon was almost the same as the distribution of organisms in the drift samples. The index of stomach fullness in the most of the examined parrs was high, which indicated a sufficient development of the food base. High drift abundance in spring proved the right choice of the time to release the farmed salmon yearlings.

Keywords: dynamics of drift, invertebrate hydrobionts, salmon yearlings.


M.O. Rybakov
Polar Research Institute of Marine Fisheries and Oceanography named after N.M. Knipovich
Russia, Murmansk

DYNAMICS OF ATLANTO-SCANDIAN HERRING ST OCK AND FISHERY IN THE NORTH-EAST ATLANTIC

Abstract. This paper shows analysis of dynamics of herring stocks and fisheries in various time periods. Inseveral recent decades, periods characterised by substantial fluctuations in the Atlanto-Scandian herring stock have been recorded. This resulted in subsequent changes in herring migration patterns as well as inchanges in the importance of some areas for fisheries in the North East Atlantic. The author of this papermakes an attempt to evaluate the importance of agreed international management and a timely response of fleets to changing fishing patterns in order to maintain the herring stock in a sustainable manner. Description of the dynamics of herring stock and fishery is presented. It is worthy to note that to keep the Atlanto-Scandian herring stock within safe biological reference points in the long-term perspective, there is a need to regulate fisheries within NEAFC and Coastal State consultations based on ICES advice.

Keywords: fishery, total available catch, dynamic of st oCk, international regulation, atlanto-scandian herring.


Halyna Tkachenko
Institute of Biology and Environmental Protection, Pomeranian University
Slupsk, Poland

Lyudmyla Buyun
M.M. Gryshko National Botanical Garden, National Academy of Science of Ukraine
Kyiv, Ukraine

Elżbieta Terech-Majewska
Institute of Biology and Environmental Protection, Pomeranian University
Slupsk, Poland

Zbigniew Osadowski
Department of Epizootiology, University of Warmia and Mazury
Olsztyn, Poland

SCREENING FOR ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITIES OF THE ETHANOLIC EXTRACT DERIVED FROM FICUS HISPIDA L.F. LEAVES (MORACEAE) AGAINST FISH PATHOGENS

Abstract. Use of natural products has been considered as an alternative to antibiotics in fish health management to control bacterial infections in aquaculture. Many plants were shown to have potential for being effectiveherbal drugs against the fish and other aquaculture pathogens. Therefore, the aim of this study was to testthe efficacy of ethanolic extract prepared from Ficus hispida leaves against fish pathogens, Aeromonas hydrophila,Citrobacter freundii, Pseudomonas fluorescens to evaluate the possible use of this plant in preventinginfections caused by these bacteria in aquaculture. The antimicrobial susceptibility testing was done onMuller-Hinton agar by disc diffusion method (Kirby-Bauer disk diffusion susceptibility test protocol). Muller-Hinton agar plates were inoculated with 200 and 400 μL of standardized inoculum (108 CFU/mL) of bacterium and spread with sterile swabs. Aeromonas hydrophila (strain E 2/7/15) isolated locally from gill ofrainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss Walbaum) and Pseudomonas fluorescens (strain E 1/7/15) isolated locally from internal organs of rainbow trout with clinical features of furunculosis (kidneys were gray, liverwas pale and fragile, enlarged spleen with exudate in the body cavity), as well as Citrobacter freundii isolatedlocally from gill of eel (Anguilla anguilla L.) with clinical features of disease were used as test organisms.Our results from the disc diffusion assay indicated that the A. hydrophila revealed intermediate susceptibilityconcerning to ethanolic extract obtained from leaves of F. hispida (inhibition zone diameters wereranged from 8 to 12 mm). The most effective at least causing a zone of inhibition 14-16 mm was ethanolicextract from F. hispida against P. fluorescens both in 200 μL of standardized inoculum (108 CFU/mL) ofbacterium (inhibition zone diameters were ranged from 15 to 16 mm) and 400 μL (14-15 mm). Our results demonstrated that the C. freundii revealed intermediate susceptibility F. hispida (inhibition zone diameterswere ranged between 11 and 15 mm). Thus, the preliminary screening assay indicated that F. hispida leavesextract possess great potential for the therapy of bacterial infections and may be used as a natural antisepticand antimicrobial agent. Further investigation needs to be focused on isolation and identification of thosebioactive compounds, which would be a platform for further pharmacological studies, in vivo tests and practicalapplications in fish health management.

Keywords: Ficus hispida L.f., antimicrobial activity, Aeromonas hydrophila, Citrobacter freundii, Pseudomonas fluorescens, Kirby-Bauer disk diffusion susceptibility test.


Halyna Tkachenko
Institute of Biology and Environmental Protection, Pomeranian University
Slupsk, Poland

Joanna Grudniewska
Department of Salmonid Research, Stanislaw Sakowicz Inland Fisheries Institute
Żukowo, Poland

TISSUE-SPECIFIC RESPONSES OF PROTEIN OXIDATIVE DESTRUCTION IN RAINBOW TROUT (ONCORHYNCHUS MYKISS WALBAUM) EXPOSED TO DISINFECTANT “CIP” FORMULATED WITH PERACETIC ACID AND HYDROGEN PEROXIDE

Abstract. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impacts of disinfection processes with disinfectant “CIP”based on 15% peracetic acid (PAA) and 20% H2O2 on the aldehydic and ketonic derivatives of oxidativelymodified proteins in the muscle, gill, hepatic and cardiac tissues of juvenile rainbow trout (Oncorhynchusmykiss). In the disinfectant exposure, fish were bathed with Disinfectant “CIP” solution in final concentration16 mL per m3 (Group II). Fish were bathed for 20 min and repeated three times every 3 days. Bathingwith Disinfectant “CIP” were taken in the morning before fish feeding. Control fish (Group I) were handledat same manner as Group II but without Disinfectant “CIP” treatment. Two days after the last bathing,twenty two individuals from each group were sampled. Fish were not anesthetized before tissue sampling.Findings of this study showed that protein damage in gill tissue is decreased in “CIP”-exposed group whencompared with control group. Carbonyl derivatives as biomarkers of protein damage in the muscle tissueshowed a downward trend after disinfectant treatment. Similarly, oxidative modification of protein alsoshowed a downward trend after disinfection treatment in the hepatic tissue. In this study, no significantchanges in carbonyl contents as oxidative damage of proteins of hepatic and cardiac tissues of “CIP”-treated group compared with control group was observed. Our studies indicated that “CIP”-Disinfectant infinal concentration 16 mL per m3 could at least partly attenuate protein damage and can be used for prophylacticdisinfecting treatment of rainbow trout..

Keywords: peracetic acid, hydrogen peroxide, disinfection, oxidatively modified proteins, aldehydic and ketonic derivatives, muscle, gill, liver, heart.


Van Ha Nguyen
Department of Parasitology, Institute of Ecology and Biological Resources, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology
Hanoi, Vietnam

Van Tang Nguyen
Department of Parasitology, Institute of Ecology and Biological Resources, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology
Hanoi, Vietnam
Hai Duong Medical Technical University
Hai Duong city, Vietnam

Duy Ngo HA
Department of Parasitology, Institute of Ecology and Biological Resources, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology
Hanoi, Vietnam

Aleksei Ermolenko
Department of Parasitology, Federal Scientific Center of the East Asia Terrestrial Biodiversity, Far Eastern Branch of Russian Academy of Science
Vladivostok. Russia

A NEW TREMATODE SPECIES, BIANIUM TONKINENSIS N. SP. (DIGENEA,LEPOCREADIIDAE), FROM HEAD RABBIT PUFFER LAGOCEPHALUS LUNARIS (BLOCH & SCHNEIDER, 1801) IN THE GULF OF TONKIN, VIETNAM

Abstract. A new species of Lepocreadiidae, Bianium tonkinensis n. sp., is described from Headrabbit Puffer Lagocephalus lunaris (Bloch & Schneider, 1801) in the Gulf of Tonkin, Vietnam. In addition, BianiumStunkard, 1930 were reported for the first time from Vietnam. B. tonkinensis n. sp. is distinguished from itscongeners in having ovary with 8–11 separate subglobular follicles.

Keywords: Lepocreadiidae, Bianium tonkinensis, Gulf of Tonkin, Vietnam.


Dinh Tu Nguyen
Institute of Ecology and Biological Resources (IEBR) Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology (VAST)
Hanoi, Vietnam

Thi Man Pham
Institute of Ecology and Biological Resources (IEBR) Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology (VAST)
Hanoi, Vietna
m

Thi Xuan Phuong Nguyen
Institute of Ecology and Biological Resources (IEBR) Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology (VAST)
Hanoi, Vietna
m

Phu Hoang Lai
Institute of Ecology and Biological Resources (IEBR) Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology (VAST)
Hanoi, Vietnam

Ann Chen – Cheng
Borneo Marine Research Institute, Universiti Malaysia
Sabah, Malaysiam

Vu Thanh Nguyen
Institute of Ecology and Biological Resources (IEBR) Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology (VAST)
Hanoi, Vietnam
 

MEIOBENTHOS COMMUNITIES FOR DIFFERENT MANGROVE TYPES IN CAN GIO BIOSPHERE RESERVE, VIETNAM

Abstract. Can Gio mangrove is the first Biosphere Reserve of Vietnam created since 2000, with a total area of75,740 ha. The major habitat types are rehabilitated mangrove (23,028 ha, in there Rhizophora apiculatawith 96.7 %), and naturally regenerating mangrove (7,829 ha). Meiobenthic communities were investigatedalong Rachoc Creek. The samples were taken within a mud flat (Mud) site and 3 different types of mangrovefrom mouth to upper reaches of the creek: natural Avicennia (Avi) forest; natural mixed forest of Avicenniaand Rhizophora (Mix) and rehabilitated Rhizophora (Rhi) forest during both dry and rainy seasons in.Meiobenthic composition mainly included nematodes, copepods, nauplii, foraminifera, polychaetes, oligochaetes ,kinorhynchs, acari, ostracods, and others less abundant group (bivalves, gastropods, insectlavae, turbelaria, amphipods, nemertinea). Meiobenthic densities in Mixed forest were higher than inAvicennia forest or Rhizophora forest. Nematodes were most abundant in all stations and percentages inMixed forest and Mudflat site were higher than in Avicennia and Rhizophora forests. Meiobenthic density indry season was higher than in rainy season. Nematode and copepod densities increased, in the meantime nauplius and foraminifera reduced in dry season.

Keywords: Can Gio mangrove, meiofauna, nematodes, seasonal.


INDUSTRIAL FISHERIES. ACOUSTICS


P.A. Starodubtcev
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Pacific Higher Naval Collage after S.O. Makarov

Russia, Vladivostok

E.N. Baklanov
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

E.P. Starodubtcev
Pacific Higher Naval Collage after S.O. Makarov
Russia, Vladivostok

M.V. Mironenko
Special Design Bureau for Automation Tools for Marine Research, Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Russia, Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk

RESISTANT TO INTERFERENCE, LARGE-SCALE, MULTI-STATIC SCHEME OF DETECTING PERTURBATIONS OF THE MARINE ENVIRONMENT AND ITS ORGANIZATIONAL, TECHNOLOGICAL AND TECHNICAL CHARACTERISTICS

Abstract. Issues of construction of a large-scale noise-immune multistatic circuit on the basis of measuring the phase difference of the spectral components of acoustic signals received on spatially separated receivers are discussed. The technical characteristics and composition of the hardware used to deploy the sonar polygon for monitoring the marine environment are presented.

Keywords: sonar, acoustic signal, hydrophones, disturbance of marine environment, parametric hydroacoustics.


TECHNOLOGY AND QUALITY CONTROL OF FOOD PRODUCTS


V.D. Bogdanov
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

N.V. Dementeva
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

A.A. Simdyankin
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

ASSESSMENT OF THE QUALITY AND SAFETY OF DRY CONCENTRATE OF SEA CUCUMBER

Abstract. In the technology of production of dry concentrate of sea cucumber that allows you to almost fully preserve the structure and functional properties of macromolecules of biological raw materials and create ahighly effective product nutritional, medicinal and prophylactic purpose. By results of researches it is established that the dry concentrate of sea cucumber has high nutritionalvalue, is a high-protein product, with a low proportion of lipids. Dry concentrate of sea cucumber is rich inmineral salts. Microbiological indicators it meets the requirements of the technical regulations of the customs Union TR/TS 021 – 2011. Safety dry concentrate trepang confirmed by research on the content oftoxic elements, pesticides, polychlorinated biphenyls and radionuclides. This fact indicates the guaranteed safety of the finished product. The results of research on a new product is developed and approved one STO00471515-052-2017. Dry concentrate of sea cucumber. Requirements for quality and security. Requirements for the production, storage, and implementation

Keywords: dry concentrate of sea cucumber, chemical composition, quality, safety.


TECHNOLOGICAL AND TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT OF FISHERIES


M.O. Kholdobo
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

C.D. Ugrymova
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
Russia, Vladivostok

ASSESSMENT OF THE RELIABILITY OF THE LINE FOR PREPARATION OF THE FOOD FOR THE FAR EASTERN TREPANG

Abstract. The reliability of the technological line for the preparation of feed for Far Eastern trepang is considered, and the stages of reliable design of the feed preparation line for Far Eastern trepang are developed. A sequence of operations is identified in the analysis of the nature and sequence of failures. The probability of failure-free operation of the line is calculated.

Keywords: line, reliability, operation, design, trepang.


 

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